13 Juli 2011

ELLIPTICAL SENTENCES

Untuk mendownload Bahan Ajar KLIK DISINI

Elliptical Sentences yaitu Kalimat yang diringkas dan pengertiannya sama dengan kalimat utama atau kalimat
induk.

Contoh:
1. She likes listening to music
2. I like listening to music
Diringkas menjadi:
She likes listening to music and so do I (Dia suka mendengarkan musik dan saya juga)


Kalimat induk


Elliptical




BENTUK-BENTUK ”ELLIPTICAL SENTENCES”
1. Jika Kalimat Induk Positif (+):
So: So + Aux. Verb + Subj. 2
Too: Subj. 2 + Aux. Verb + too

2. Jika Kalimat Induk Negatif (-):
Neither: neither + Aux. Verb + Subj. 2
Either: Subj. 2 + Aux. Verb + not + either


MENENTUKAN AUXILIARY VERB (KATA KERJA BANTU)
Perhatikan predikat pada kalimat induk. Jika menggunakan:

1. to be (is, am, are)
to be (was, were)

Aux. Verb-nya: to be (is, am, are)
Aux. Verb-nya: to be (was, were)

(Sesuaikan dengan Subject-nya)

2. Verb 1 (s/es)
3. Verb 2
4. have/ has + noun

Aux. Verb-nya do / does
Aux. Verb-nya did
Aux. Verb-nya do / does

have /has to + V1 Aux. Verb-nya do / does

have /has + V3

Aux. Verb-nya have / has

(Sesuaikan dengan Subject-nya)
5. had + noun Aux. Verb-nya did
had to + V1 Aux. Verb-nya did
had + V3 Aux. Verb-nya had
6. Modals
(will, can, must, may) Aux. Verb-nya modals (will, can, may, must)

CONTOH KALIMAT:
She is a good student and so am I.
My father watched TV last night and my mother did, too.
He does not have a new car and neither do I.
My friends have done the homework and so has Linda.
They will not go tomorrow and I won’t, either.

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