06 April 2011


Adverbs (Kata Keterangctau kata tambahan) adalah kata yang menjelaskan bagaimana caranya, di mana tempatnya, kapan waktunya, berapa kali dan sebagainya, suatu pekerjaan dilakukan atau suatu peristiwa terjadi.

Fungsi Adverbs:

1. Adverbs menerangkan kata kerja (Verbs)
• They work hard. (hard menerangkan work)
• She speaks French fluently.

2. Adverbs menerangkan kata sifat (Adjectives)
• Mr. Alex is very rich. (very menerangkan rich)
• This coffee is too hot to drink.

3. Adverbs menerangkan Kata Depan (Prepositions)
• The cat is sitting almost outside the door. (almost menerangkan outside)
• I arrived there long before the time.

4. Adverbs menerangkan kata keterangan lainnya (Adverbs)
• I can swim very well. (very menerangkan well)
• You worked too hard.

5. Adverbs menerangkan Kata Sambung (Conjunctions)
• I can see clearly how she killed her mother. (clearly menerangkan how)
• I arrived at home precisely before the rain fell.

6. Adverbs menerangkan keseluruhan kalimat
• Yesterday, we saw your boyfriend in the mall.
• Unfortunately, the boy was killed in the end of the film

Ada beberapa cara untuk membentuk Adverbs. Perhatikan berikut ini:

1. Dengan menambahkan "ly" pada akhir Adjectives.
• beautiful - beautifully
• smart - smartly
• serious - seriously
• slow - slowly
• dll
2. Ada juga beberapa Adverbs yang memiliki bentuk yang sama dengan Adjectives-nya.
• fast - fast
• hard - hard
• free - free
• dll
3. Ada juga 1 kata sifat yang memiliki bentuk yang berbeda pada Adverbs-nya
• good - well

ADVERBS dibagi dalam 3 golongan, yaitu:
1. Simple Adverbs
2. Interrogative Adverbs
3. Relative Adverbs

1. Simple Adverbs

Golongan ini terbagi lagi menjadi:
1). Adverbs of Time (Keterangan Waktu)
Kata keterangan waktu yang sering dipakai adalah: now, then, ago, since, before, already, soon, immediately, instantly, presently, late, lately, early, afterwards, today, yesterday, tomorrow, dsb..
• Press the button now.
• I have never been.
• I tell him daily.

2). Adverbs of Place (Keterangan Tempat)
Adverbs ya ng sering dipakai adalah: here, there, hence, thence, above, below, beside, in, on, inside, outside, far, near, dll.
• Daisies grow everywhere.
• I did not put it there.

3). Adverbs of Number (Kata Keterangan Bilangan)
Adverbs yang sering dipakai adalah: once, twice, thrice, again, firstly, never, often, sometimes, dll
• I go to school five times a week
• You have to take the medicine twice a day.

4). Adverbs of Manner, Quality, State (Kata Keterangan Cara, Kualitas, dan Keadaan)
Adverbs yang sering dipakai adalah: well, seriously, probably, thus, so, dll.
• I can finish the work quickly
• He ran fast

5). Adverbs of Quantity, Extent, Degree (Kata Keterangan Kuantitas, Taraf, Tingkat)
Adverbs yang sering dipakai adalah much, too, enough, very, somewhat, rather, completely, dll.
• You are quite right
• You are young enough to be an acctress.

2. Interrogative Adverbs
Adverbs jenis ini terbagi lagi menjadi:

1). Adverbs of Time
• When did you came?
• How long will you stay at the hotel?

2). Adverbs of Place
• Where do you live?
• Whence did you come?

3). Adverbs of Number
• How often do you come to her house?

4). Adverbs of Manner, Quality, State
• How did you do the homework?
• How are you today?

5). Adverbs of Quantity, Extent, Degree
• How far was the news true?

6). Adverbs of Cause and Effect
• Why did he leave?
• Wherefore did she weep?

3. Relative Adverbs
Adverbs jenis ini berhubungan dengan:

1). Antecedent (Kata yang mendahului) Dinyatakan
• This is the hotel where she stays at
• let me know the time when you will leave for London
2). Antecedent Dimengerti
• This is where she stays at
• let me know when you will leave for London.

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